Madagascar Chameleon Actually 11 Distinct Species

The color-changing panther chameleon has long fascinated scientists, but there's more to the reptile than meets the eye: What was once considered to be one species is actually 11 distinct species of chameleon, a new study finds.
The colorful finding is the result of a long road trip around the island of Madagascar, in which researchers searched for panther chameleons to include in the study.
The researchers found 324 panther chameleons in all. After taking a blood sample and a high-resolution photograph of each reptile, they released it back into the wild.
They already knew that panther chameleons lived in separate groups around Madagascar, but the genetic analysis showed just how distinct these populations were. Each of the populations had distinct lineages, and showed very low interbreeding between other populations, the researchers found.