El Niño Could Bring Drought and Famine in West Africa, Scientists Warn

A global weather phenomenon could cause a famine in the Sahel this year by combining with already dry conditions to create a “double whammy” for the region, scientists and aid groups have warned.
Professor Adam Scaife, a long term forecaster at the UK Met Office Hadley Centre, said models now agreed an El Niño event was likely and the first impacts may be felt as early as June.
El Niño is caused by a reversal of trade winds in the Pacific that allow warm water to spread east, across the ocean.

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