Neanderthal Gives Scientists Oldest DNA

About 150,000 years ago -- give or take 20,000 -- a guy fell into a well. Last month he made science history.
According to recent archeological research published in March in the Journal of Human Evolution cave explorers told researchers at the University of Bari that they found and extracted the DNA of the oldest Neanderthal--which took about 20 years for the scientists to do.
The scientists hope they will be able to sequence his DNA, to find out more about the evolution of all hominids -- including us.
Scientists in southern Italy have known about him since 1993, when spelunkers spied his skull staring blankly back at them from its nook in the Lamalunga cave, deep under the town of Altamura.